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Summary of Book

Purpose of Creation – Summary: Introduction

By | Introduction, Summary of Book

Introduction:

The purpose of creation has been the focus of all human thought processes and is one of the basic philosophical questions since time immemorial.

The natural product of human intelligence after seeing signs of creation is to deduce that the design bespeaks the presence of a designer. It also becomes incumbent upon humans to know the purpose for their existence and of this life and to do what is ultimately required by the Creator.

However, a small number of people have always existed who attribute the creation of this intricate universe and complex life form to mere chance.

Those that ask the question; that why God created man, the answer is embedded in the signs, the oceans and the rivers, the vast infinite space, the sand and the stars. However, due to the limitations of human thought one cannot fathom or comprehend entirely the purpose of creation.

Humans cannot possibly produce the whole truth in this regard. How can human beings intellectually deduce the existence when they can hardly understand the full faculty of their brain or how the mind functions? This is why the Divine Scriptures serve the purpose of answering those questions which humans cannot figure out on intellect alone. They need the Divine Guidance, and to carry the divine message forward Prophets were sent to explain the purpose of creation.

This is why the Divine Scriptures serve the purpose of answering those questions which humans cannot figure out on intellect alone. They need the Divine Guidance, and to carry the divine message forward Prophets were sent to explain the purpose of creation.

Nonetheless, the Judeo-Christian Scriptures lack consistency and leave the honest seeker of truth in darkness. They also do not answer the vital questions concerning humanity’s creation. The style is predominantly symbolic and it doesn’t state things in clear terms. The Christian concept of God’s incarnation as a man who must suffer and die as the only solution to wipe away the sins of mankind puts forth a distorted concept of ‘supreme justice’. This culminates in the acceptance of Jesus Christ as ‘Lord God’ and his ‘divine sacrifice’ as the only path to salvation.

The Christian concept of God’s incarnation as a man who must suffer and die as the only solution to wipe away the sins of mankind puts forth a distorted concept of ‘supreme justice’. This culminates in the acceptance of Jesus Christ as ‘Lord God’ and his ‘divine sacrifice’ as the only path to salvation.

The non-Abrahamic religions adhere to a pantheistic view of God, i.e. everything is God or they are a polytheistic i.e. existence of many Gods or incarnations of God. They promote the supremacy of one cast over the other and teach asceticism also. These scriptures too, seem to be ambiguous about the purpose of creation.

God is not the author of confusion, nor does He wish difficulty for mankind. Consequently, when He revealed His final communication, He ensured that his message was preserved for all time. In that final scripture, the Qur’an, God revealed His purpose for creating mankind and, through His last Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) He clarified the purpose of creation.

Purpose of Creation – Summary: Chapter # 1

By | 1st Chapter, Summary of Book

Why did God Create?

Humankind is merely a small part of the miraculous act of divine creation, however very few people reflect on this reality. In order to understand why God created mankind, one first needs to answer an even more fundamental question of why God created?

A creator who does not create is something of a contradiction. Therefore creation in the true sense is unique to God alone. Humankind merely manipulates what has already been created by God. Only God creates from nothing, yet there are some who cannot comprehend how God could create from nothing and give Him human limitations.

Man needs to understand that no evil or good can take place in this universe without the permission of God this is why it is futile to turn to others besides God. Human beings were created with the natural awareness of good and evil. God created mankind knowing they would disobey him consequently. He taught human beings, beginning with Adam, how to repent and thereby purify themselves of their sins.

God’s attributes of mercy and forgiveness are stressed both in the final Revelation and the sayings of the last Messenger (peace and blessings be upon him) which encourage humans not to fall into despair.

God allows human beings to live out their lives on earth and make all the choices they would have made so that everyone who enters Hell or Paradise will know that they chose it by themselves. They will accept His judgement as being just and reproach. However, they will still beg for another chance to do good in this world.

God guides mankind through the scriptures and the Prophets and teaches them what is good, just and pious. Those who follow the Prophets are most beloved to God.

The Divine Grace will ultimately be the deciding factor for the true believers to enter Paradise. Deeds have a major role but they are outweighed by God’s grace. Humankind should not question why God chose to manifest His attributes in this way because God described himself as being the Most Wise and the Most Knowledgeable. Humans can only understand what He chooses to reveal to them.

This is why the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) warned that the Satanic forces would seek to introduce doubts in the hearts of the believers by raising unanswerable questions about God. Therefore one should seek refuge with God to stay steadfast upon his beliefs.

Purpose of Creation – Summary: Chapter # 4

By | 4th Chapter, Summary of Book

Why Did God Create the World?

This world and its contents (earth, vegetation, rivers, animals, sky, rain etc.) are created by God to serve mankind. As elucidated in the Qur’an (6:97; 14:32-33).

However all these blessings come with responsibility, hence mankind must:

  • Recognize these blessings

and

  • Utilize these blessings according to laws of God.

Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) said: “The world is beautiful and green and Allah has made you governor over it to see how you will act.”

This indicates that humans are not free to do with the world as they please. Therefore, to destroy nature for material gains is contrary to God’s revelation.

MANKIND’S RESPONSIBILITY TOWARDS ANIMALS:

  • Caring for animals is also very important in Divine Law. People asked the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him), “O Messenger of Allah! Do we get a reward for saving animals?” He replied: “In (saving of) every living being, there is a reward.”
  • Killing any living animal for fun or sport is prohibited unless it is for food, for protection of human life, or for clothing.
  • For slaughtering animals, sharpened knives should be used as it is less painful than electric shock or a blow to the animal’s head.
  • Allah forgave a prostitute for giving water to a thirsty dog and conversely, a woman was punished for imprisoning a cat and not feeding it.
  • Sometimes, it is necessary to inflict pain on animals, such as hitting animals to move them and for branding them for identification, however, even in these situations, we are prohibited to hit or brand on their faces.

MANKIND’S RESPONSIBILITY TOWARDS VEGETATION:

  • Humans are responsible for the vegetable kingdom – so much so that during war Muslims are forbidden to destroy fruit trees.
  • Planting trees is an act of charity – Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) said: “Any Muslim who plants a tree gains a reward of giving in charity. What is eaten from it is charity, what is stolen from it, what the animals eat and what the birds eat, is all charity. Anyone or anything that takes from it earns for the planter the reward of (giving in) charity.”
  • Therefore, humans must take care of all aspects of the environment in which they are created as a duty to God – so we should try actively to save the environment because it too is an act of worship. They too are created for a purpose.

Purpose of Creation – Summary: Conclusion

By | Conclusion, Summary of Book

Conclusion

Without knowledge of the purpose of creation, human beings wander aimlessly through life, like ships at sea without rudders.  Their goals are either wrong due to incorrect religious teachings, or materialistic and thus confined to this world. It is, therefore, essential for their own well being that they know why God created them.

Fundamentally, Allaah created in order to manifest His attributes.  Consequently, creation is the consequence of His being the Creator, paradise manifests His Mercy and Grace, hell His Justice, humankind’s errors His Forgiveness, living and non-living beings His Generosity, etc.  The significance of knowing that creation is a means by which Allaah manifests His attributes is that human beings can then correctly recognize God and accept His decree and their destiny.

However, it is of even greater importance that human beings know the purpose for which they were created.  The final Revelation teaches that it is to worship God because humankind must worship Him in order to attain righteousness and the spiritual status necessary to enter paradise.  The significance of this knowledge is that human beings understand that worship is as much a necessity as eating and breathing and that it is not a favor they are doing for God.

It is also essential that human beings grasp the importance of this world’s bounties and trials.  Without knowledge of the purpose behind their creation, humans tend to look at this world as being hostile to them.  However, God created it primarily for their benefit. The tests of good and evil are designed to bring out the higher spiritual qualities of the human being.

However, humans are not able to benefit from the tests unless they put complete trust in God and have patience in what He has destined for them.  For those who reject God, the trials of this world become a punishment for them in this life prior to the eternal punishment in the next world.

Knowledge of the purpose of the world also makes the believer environmentally conscious.  Humankind is responsible to utilize the bounties of this life justly.

The creatures of the earth and seas, the vegetation, and the atmosphere have been put in his care.  Consequently, humans should take great care to preserve the environment and the living creatures within it as a means of giving thanks to God.

With such a comprehensive consciousness of purpose, human beings become whole.  They are transformed into guides for humankind showing the way to righteousness.  Consequently, Allaah describes them as the best of mankind in the final revelation:

{ كُنْتُمْ خَيْرَ أُمَّةٍ أُخْرِجَتْ لِلنَّاسِ تَأْمُرُونَ بِالْمَعْرُوفِ وَتَنْهَوْنَ عَنِ الْمُنْكَرِ وَتُؤْمِنُونَ بِاللهِ }

“You are the best people chosen for mankind because you command righteousness, forbid evil and believe in Allaah.”

Qur’aan, 3:110

 

Purpose of Creation – Summary: Chapter # 2

By | 2nd Chapter, Summary of Book

Why did God create mankind?

Mankind, by his innate nature, is created for the sole purpose of worshipping God.God neither created human beings out of a need on His part nor would His glory be reduced if none of the humans worshipped Him. It is not the God’s need to be worshipped but the need of the mankind to worship Him.

Obeying the divine laws is the key to success, that’s why human beings need to worship and glorify God by obeying these laws and this is the only way for them to enter paradise. Disobeying the divine laws led to the expelling of Adam and Eve from paradise who was created in paradise.

God knows what is good for His creation and what is not. His divine laws define what is right and what is wrong. These laws protect the human from various spiritual or societal harms. Hence, human1q need to worship God to fulfill their potential by living the righteous lives.

Humans become so inclined towards fulfilling their materialistic needs that they often completely forget their spiritual needs. Hence, different acts of worship, as defined by the divine laws, are mapped out to help humans remember God.

Regular prayers connect spiritual needs with the material needs on a daily basis since they help in organizing the day of a true believer, hence, renewing man’s connection with God.Therefore, the divine laws encourage the balance in both material and spiritual aspects of life.

When God is forgotten, one becomes prone to committing sins. Satanic forces make people forget God by filling their minds with irrelevant thoughts and desires. Once God is forgotten, people accept corruption willingly.

God prohibited intoxicants and gambling through Divine laws because they cause human beings to forget God because addiction of drugs and game of chance lead humans to all forms of corruption and violence among themselves.

Therefore, humankind needs to remember God for their own salvation and growth. Since they are weak and commit sins, they sink deeper into it if they don’t have means of remembering God. Hence, those who follow the Divine laws are constantly reminded of God because of which they repent.

Islam is for all the mankind. God didn’t prescribe different religions for Jews, Indians, Europeans, etc. Since the spiritual and social needs of humans are uniform and their nature has not changed since the first man and woman were created, God only accepts Islam and no other religion.

In Islam, every act of human can be converted into an act of worship. God commands His believers to dedicate their entire lives to Him. But each act must fulfill two basis condition.

  1. The act must be done sincerely for the pleasure of God alone and not for recognition and praise of other people.
  2. The act must be done in accordance with the Prophetic way – also known as ‘Sunnah’ in Arabic. All the prophets guided their followers to follow in their footsteps since they were guided by God. Therefore, innovation is one of the worst evils in the Sight of God.

Greatest evil a human being can commit is when he contradicts the purpose of his creation. Worshipping or associating an entity other than God is called ‘shirk’ and it is the only unforgivable sin. If a person dies without repenting, God may forgive all his sins but shirk.

Loving those whom God loves is also an act of expressing the love of God since it is illogical to think that one hates those whom God loves or vice versa. God puts love in the hearts of the believers for those who are righteous.

 

 

Purpose of Creation – Summary: Chapter # 3

By | 3rd Chapter, Summary of Book

Why Did God Create Mankind on Earth?

A very common question that comes in the mind of a non-Muslim or even a Muslim is as to why God created mankind on Earth?

God has explained the answer to this “Why”. In His Book; The Quran, the purpose of creation of human beings in this world is “To Test”, to test the faith of a person. The test serves two basic purposes:

  1. Human spiritual growth
  2. Punishment and reward

These worldly tests are basically for the spiritual growth of human beings. Generosity and contentment are the noble characteristics which can be acquired by the spiritual struggle.

Envy develops when the craving of wealth increases, therefore be grateful to God and always look upon those who are less fortunate. To eradicate this negative characteristic (envy) is also a part of spiritual growth. Envy and contentment are the inverses of each other. As contentment increases envy decreases.

However, contentment does not mean to stop struggling in achieving one’s goal, while seeking aid from and trusting God.

Tests and calamities help to increase the spiritual growth of the believers. This is that foundation on which the high spiritual quality of patience is developed. True patience is the product of complete trust in God at the time of calamity. God creates trials for each person according to their abilities, in order to bring out the best in them.

Sometimes human beings despair when a test befalls them and they lose their faith. Only disbelieving people despair from Gods’ mercy.

Hope in the mercy of God is an essential part of faith. Those who patiently strive to do what is right and steadfastly obey God, for them is the promised reward and eternal ease.

When God wants to guide someone to the right path; He sends trials towards him as reminders. Those who still have faith recognize their error and return to their Lord in humility and submission. They are the successful ones.

These trials also expose the hypocrites. These tests become a means of punishment for those who totally reject the divine guidance and wisdom. We have examples of the past nations who rejected the divine guidance and were subsequently destroyed.

Persistent disobedience leads to God’s punishments. These punishments are of different levels: on an individual level as well as on a national level.

God says in the Quran chapter 18, verse 7:

“Surely, I have created all that is on earth as its ornaments that I may test which of them is the best in conduct.”

Therefore, the purpose of creating mankind has been made clear by God.